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Carrying & Dragging Strategies – Let’s Get Carried Away


SAFETY DISCLAIMER: This text is supposed to be an outline and never an in depth information on rescue carrying and dragging methods. Search skilled coaching earlier than trying to make use of any instruments or methods mentioned on this story.

I’ve been a firefighter for over 20 years and relocating individuals away from precarious or lethal incidents is an integral part of my job. Among the many seemingly infinite techniques a firefighter is taught from day one, the power to take away somebody from hurt is close to the highest of the checklist. Life security is the highest precedence and whether or not you are shifting somebody from hazard or delivering them to lifesaving medical assist, realizing protected and efficient methods to conduct these maneuvers could make all of the distinction.

For many individuals, the overall inclination is to hold somebody as they’ve seen on tv. Regardless of what Hollywood would have you ever consider, you’ll hardly ever, if ever, see somebody carrying an grownup sufferer out in entrance of them “cradle in arms” model. This can be utilized for an toddler or little one, however carrying a full-sized grownup sufferer for any distance higher than a couple of ft, significantly over uneven terrain, is impractical and harmful. Due to this fact you will must know the proper methods to make use of when shifting a sufferer and when you must make use of them.

As soon as you have decided there is a must take away somebody from hurt or get them to a place the place they will obtain assist, fast however cautious thought have to be given to how this will likely be carried out. There are two completely different classes of emergent sufferer elimination: carries and drags. Every has their place and which one you must apply will depend on a number of components.

Sufferer Carries: When a number of rescuer is ready to carry the sufferer and carry them to a location of security.

Sufferer Drags: The motion of a sufferer by lifting a part of their physique as the opposite half drags — usually used when a carry is not potential or sensible.

No matter whether or not you carry or drag a sufferer to security, you have to keep in mind to maintain your personal security a excessive precedence. It does not sound heroic to say, but it surely does no good for anybody if you happen to injure your self and develop into a part of the issue fairly than the answer.

Shifting a sufferer is tougher than most understand. If the sufferer is aware, ache from their accidents could trigger them to shift their weight round whilst you’re shifting them, making a situation the place your again or joints are compelled into unnatural or unsafe positions — resulting in a robust probability of rescuer damage. The sufferer could also be vocal, crying or shouting, distracting you out of your process, which additionally lends itself to damage.

If the sufferer is unconscious this creates a deadweight scenario. They’re unable to help you in any manner, inform you if you happen to’re hurting them, or inflicting higher damage by your actions. Additionally, the psychological calls for of shifting an unconscious sufferer already improve the rescuer’s anxiousness out of concern.

The methods mentioned within the article are tried-and-true first responder methods which might be relevant to any survival scenario. The best way you select to relocate a sufferer will rely upon a number of components and actual steps could range relying on sufferer damage:

  • What number of victims are in want of rescue?
  • What number of rescuers can be found?
  • What are the capabilities and situations of the rescuers?
  • What’s the measurement and situation of the sufferer(s)?
  • What’s the security and stability of the surroundings?

One-Particular person Carries

You might be the one particular person accessible to assist, or maybe your crew has already break up as much as render assist to a number of victims. Both manner, there are occasions while you’ll be compelled to maneuver somebody by your self. Carries performed by a single rescuer might be extraordinarily taxing on the rescuer. Adrenaline will work each for and towards you. You might really feel a sudden burst of vitality and energy, however will lose it simply as shortly. The physique will compensate by counting on giant muscle teams, such because the again, as this might end in rescuer damage. One-person carries ought to solely be carried out with the arrogance that you simply will not trigger damage to your self or additional damage to the sufferer.

One-Particular person Stroll Help

In mass-casualty coaching, we confer with individuals who can self- extricate with little or no help as strolling wounded. In case your sufferer is ready to stroll with solely minor assist from you, allow them to. The one-person stroll help gives the least probability for damage to each rescuer and sufferer.

Steps:

1. Place sufferer’s arm round your neck and maintain their wrist:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-one-person-walk-assist-001

2. Place your arm nearest to them round their waist and stroll with them to security:

Although the one-person walk assist is one of the easiest methods of helping to carry an injured person, never attempt to move anyone you think may have neck or spinal injuries without proper training.

Above: Though the one-person stroll help is likely one of the best carrying and dragging methods, by no means try to maneuver anybody you suppose could have neck or spinal accidents with out correct coaching.

Firefighter Carry

Made well-known by the occupation, this kind of carry ought to solely be performed by a really robust rescuer and a smaller sufferer. It’s going to require good lifting methods in addition to good core and decrease physique energy. Traversing uneven floor might be troublesome as a result of, with the sufferer in place, the rescuer turns into very prime heavy. The firefighter carry can be utilized on both a aware or unconscious sufferer.

1. With sufferer mendacity down, hook your elbows below their armpits:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-firefighter-carry-001

2. Increase them to a standing place:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-firefighter-carry-002

3. Place your proper leg between the sufferer’s legs:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-firefighter-carry-003

4. Seize the sufferer’s proper hand along with your left:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-firefighter-carry-004

5. Squat and wrap your proper arm across the sufferer’s proper knee:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-firefighter-carry-005

6. Stand and lift the sufferer’s proper thigh over your proper shoulder

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-firefighter-carry-006

 

Pack Strap Carry

The pack strap carry has been utilized by the army for many years. It is a fast, down-and-dirty option to transfer a sufferer shortly. If not carried out accurately, this carry might be extraordinarily uncomfortable for the sufferer. That is usually used on a aware sufferer. For an unconscious sufferer, it may be carried out, however you might require help getting them into the place so that you can safely observe the steps.

1. Dealing with away from the sufferer, place their arms over your shoulders:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-packstrap-carry-001

2. Cross the sufferer’s arms greedy the alternative wrist and pull near your chest:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-packstrap-carry-002

3. Squat, lean barely ahead, and drive your hips into the sufferer as you stand:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-packstrap-carry-003

Two-Particular person Carries

Probably the most protected and environment friendly option to carry a sufferer is by two rescuers. The rescuers can share the burden, assist one another look ahead to hazards, and work collectively effectively with out crowding too many individuals across the sufferer. It additionally reduces rescuer fatigue, which permits the rescuers to cowl a higher distance or to return to help extra victims.

Two-Particular person Extremity Carry

This can be a frequent carry that is utilized by first responders and the army. It is simply carried out, however greatest suited to shifting a sufferer over even terrain, similar to alongside a paved path or inside a constructing. Each aware and unconscious victims might be carried on this method.

Steps:

  1. Assist the sufferer to a seated place:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-2-person-extremity-carry-001

2. First rescuer kneels behind the sufferer, reaches below their arms, and grabs their wrists

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-2-person-extremity-carry-002

3. Second rescuer backs between the sufferer’s legs, squats down, and grabs behind the knees:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-2-person-extremity-carry-003

4. Stand on the command of the rescuer on the head, specializing in utilizing your legs fairly than your again:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-2-person-extremity-carry-004

Chair Carry

One common reality when talking with anybody who prepares for disaster is that you simply use what’s accessible to you. Shifting victims isn’t any completely different. A chair, for instance, makes the transport of a sufferer considerably simpler on the rescuers. This technique is less complicated to carry out with a aware sufferer, however might be carried out with an unconscious sufferer so long as due care is taken.

Steps:

  1. Place sufferer in a sturdy chair:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-chair-carry-001

2. First rescuer stands behind, grabs the again of the chair, and leans it again on its hind legs:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-chair-carry-002

3. Second rescuer backs to the chair, squats down, and grabs the entrance legs of the chair:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-chair-carry-003

4. Stand on the command of the rescuer on the head:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-chair-carry-004

 

Two-Handed Seat Carry

The 2-handed seat carry ought to solely be performed on aware victims. Rescuers will make the most of their arms to create a seat and the sufferer will want to have the ability to maintain on for stability and stability.

1. Every rescuer ought to kneel on both aspect of the seated sufferer:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-2-handed-seat-carry-001

2. Hyperlink arms behind the sufferer’s again:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-2-handed-seat-carry-002

3. Place your free arms below the sufferer’s knees and hyperlink arms:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-2-handed-seat-carry-003

4. Place sufferer’s arms across the shoulders of rescuers and stand collectively:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-2-handed-seat-carry-004

Drags

A sufferer drag is often employed when sufferer elimination is time-critical, or when the scale of the sufferer prevents a protected carry. A coordinated carry is at all times the safer choice, however below sure circumstances, a “seize ‘n’ go” is important, significantly if the sufferer is unconscious. Oftentimes, although, when victims should be relocated the terrain is uneven and treacherous, making a harmful situation for each the rescuer and the sufferer. Nonetheless, when a fast extraction is important, a drag could be the solely choice. If in any respect potential, particles ought to be cleared from the trail of the drag to cut back the possibility for damage to the rescuer and additional damage to the sufferer.

Blanket Drag

Alongside the identical line of thought because the chair carry, make the most of what you could have accessible to you when performing a sufferer drag. The blanket drag might be carried out with a blanket, or a sheet, curtains, towel, tarp, or the rest that’ll accomplish the identical objective.

Steps:

  1. Tuck the blanket below one aspect of the sufferer:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-blanket-drag-001

2. Roll the sufferer onto the blanket:

 

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-blanket-drag-002

3. Modify the blanket so the sufferer is centered:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-blanket-drag-003

4. Seize the blanket by the top close to the sufferer’s head and drag to security:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-blanket-drag-004

 

Shoulder Drag

The shoulder drag is one other emergent maneuver for when an individual must be moved shortly. This drag is troublesome to carry out over lengthy distances because it’s bodily taxing on the rescuer.

Steps:

  1. Place sufferer in a seated place:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-shoulder-drag-001

2. Squat behind the sufferer and attain below their arms greedy your personal wrist:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-shoulder-drag-002

3. Stand, lean again, and stroll backward dragging the sufferer to security:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-shoulder-drag-003

Toes Drag

The ft drag is a final resort. Shifting a sufferer on this method will most definitely be uncomfortable for the sufferer and can doubtless trigger higher damage. It is a “life over limb” method. This could actually be completed provided that the sufferer is unconscious due to the ache of dragging their torso and head alongside the bottom.

Steps:

  1. Squat on the ft of the sufferer and grasp their ankles:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-ankle-drag-001

2. Stand, lean again, and drag:

carrying-and-dragging-techniques-ankle-drag-002

In regards to the Creator

Scott Finazzo has over 20 years of expertise as a firefighter. He is a member of his division’s technical rescue crew and has served as an teacher since 2000. Scott has written 5 books, together with the nationwide bestselling The Prepper’s Workbook and The Neighborhood Emergency Response Handbook, in addition to his narrative of a kayak journey by means of the Virgin Islands referred to as Why Do All of the Locals Assume We’re Loopy? Observe Scott at www.scottfinazzo.com.

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